Gall bladder stone

 

Gall bladder stores bile. It contracts in response to food intake thereby delivering bile into the duodenum which helps digestion of fatty foods.


Gall bladder stone is the commonest condition affecting the gall bladder.
They are more common in women.


Symptoms: Mostly it is asymptomatic and is detected incidentally during other investigations. If the stone obstructs the duct, it can cause pain in the abdomen - in the right upper quadrant or in the centre of the abdomen.


There may be bloating, nausea, vomiting, fever etc if the obstruction is prolonged.


Investigation: Ultrasound scan of the abdomen will confirm the presence of gall bladder stone.


Treatment: Asymptomatic gall bladder stone may be left alone, particularly in the elderly. Otherwise surgical removal of the gall bladder (cholecystectomy) is the treatment of choice. Laparoscopic cholecystomy is usual but in some situations open surgery may be needed. Medicines rarely helps dissolution of gall bladder stone.